Category: Mentality

Egoism versus Altruism

In the humanitarian sciences, the notions of “egoism” and “altruism” are usually treated as the opposites. An altruistic self-sacrifice for the common good is always treated as heroic action and is highly appreciated. The most classical examples are the lives of M. Gandhi, A. Schweitzer, Theresa and some others. Therefore altruism has an untainted reputation while egoism is sometimes considered to be one of the “worst”. As A. Waterman puts it, “the pursuit of self-interest is thought to yield a sense of alienation.

Self-image and biases

A person may have a self-schema based on any aspect of himself, including physical characteristics, personality traits and interests, as long as they important to his self-definition. Once people have developed a schema about themselves, there is a strong tendency for that schema to be maintained by a bias. This is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment. Some cognitive biases are a “by-product” of human processing limitations.

Dumme Frauen bevorzugt

Du bist lustig, siehst sympathisch aus und trotzdem hast du einfach kein Glück mit den Männern. Es klingt schockierend, doch es ist wissenschaftlich bestätigt: Je intelligenter eine Frau ist, desto schwieriger ist es für sie, einen Partner zu finden. Man mag es nicht glauben, doch ein...

Ментальность австрийцев

Чтобы обеспечить российскому эмигранту терпимое существование в Вене или Граце, ему придётся шаг за шагом слиться со средой – проникнуться ментальностью австрийского народа и принимать её всерьёз так же, как проблемы своей родни, поскольку прообразом любого национального сообщества является семья. Процесс интеграции в общество занимает годы,...

Social regulations and insanity

Psychotherapy East and West The following text consists of excerpts from Alan Watts’ book “Psychotherapy East and West”(1961) Psychotherapy and Liberation If we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism and Taoism, Vedanta and Yoga, we do not find either philosophy or religion as...

Intelligence as longevity predictor

Inverse correlation between intelligence, mortality and morbidity People differ with respect to the efficiency with which their brains operate, and this is the domain of psychologists interested in intelligence differences, showing considerable stability across the life course. The general rule is that people who do well...

Loneliness

Feeling lonely versus being socially isolated In Britain and the United States, roughly one in three people older than 65 live alone, and in the United States, half of those older than 85 live alone. Studies in both countries show the prevalence of loneliness among people...

Die Individualität

Diese Zitaten geben Möglichkeit Zugang zu einem Denker zu finden, dessen ernsthaftes Ringen um eine Erkenntnis vom Wesen des Menschlichen bis heute nichts von seiner Aktualität verloren hat. Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) Daher kommt die wunderliche Thatsache, daß Jeder sich a priori für ganz frei, auch in...

Concept of democracy

Excerpt from “I am free” by David Icke, photo “Austrian communists” …Oh, I’m a Christian, a Muslim, a Socialist, a Republican, a Pagan. We have to be something instead of being someone – ourselves. We also ask people we meet what they “do” for a living...

My neurotic and chauvinistic nation

An Attempt to describe the Austrian Mentality by Alexandra Umfahrer Edited by Galina Toktalieva Photo by editor I`m Austrian and I love my country. Nevertheless, some things go wrong and I want to criticize them by means of loving criticism. To assign a general mentality to...